最低工资课题研讨会

摘要

中国收入分配研究院于2013年开启了最低工资课题研究,并于2014年1月18日召开了一次课题阶段成果的研讨会。针对最低工资的各方面问题,课题成员报告了自己的研究成果。2015年6月26日与人保部等部门召开研讨会,交流课题成果。

关键词: 最低工资

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详细概述

中国收入分配研究院最低工资课题

2014118日,中国收入分配研究院召开“最低工资课题研讨会”。人社部劳动关系司聂司长、人社部劳动工资研究前所长苏海南、中国收入分配研究院执行院长李实教授、中国社科院人口与劳动经济研究所都阳研究员,以及来自北京师范大学、中国人民大学、中国社科院、国家发改委宏观研究院和瑞士日内瓦高等国际金融研究院的多名课题成员参与了会议并做了相关的研究汇报。本次研讨会讨论的主题包括当前我国最低工资政策对企业利润影响,对城镇职工和农民工劳动就业和收入分配的影响、性别工资差异的影响,以及最低工资的执行效果分析,并且对法国、捷克、斯洛伐克、匈牙利等欧洲国家最低工资的考察情况进行了介绍和交流。

 

中国收入分配研究院

图2:2015年6月26日“中国最低工资政策评估”研讨会部分人员合影

2015年6月28日,“中国最低工资政策评估”研讨会在北京会议中心召开。本次会议由北京师范大学中国收入分配研究院、人力资源和社会保障部劳动关系司、劳动工资研究所在北京会议中心共同举办。参会人员包括:北京师范大学中国收入分配研究院“最低工资课题负责人”李实教授、人力资源社会保障部劳动关系司聂生奎司长、人力资源社会保障部劳动工资研究所杨黎明副所长(正司级)、人力资源社会保障部劳动关系司王婧副处长、全国工商联法律部劳动关系处李强副处长、人力资源保障部劳动工资研究所王霞主任、胡宗万副主任、哈尔滨市人社局劳动关系科高延明、苏州市人社局劳动关系科吴传平副科长、长沙市人社局劳动关系科汪晓霞等省市代表,以及“中国收入分配研究员最低工资课题”主要研究成员。

聂生奎司长致辞并对我国最低工资问题进行了系统阐述,从宏观层面介绍了政府部门在最低工资政策上的具体规章制度和执行情况。李实教授综述了北京师范大学中国收入分配研究院最低工资课题组近两年的主要学术成果,并结合我国现实状况逐个剖析。在具体研究成果的交流中,中国社会科学院经济研究所邓曲恒副研究员、国家发改委社会发展研究所万海远博士、北京师范大学经管学院林树明博士、邢春冰教授、中国人民大学经济学院王湘红教授等报告了自己的学术研究成果。人社部胡宗万副主任、贾东岚等根据政府掌握的信息,报告了政府部门对最低工资问题的研究成果。全国工商联王强副处长以及各地人社局代表就最低工资政策在具体执行中的问题进行了交流。

研讨会综合了政府和学术研究者对最低工资问题的不同观点,发挥二者所长,对我国最低工资政策做了深入探讨,推动了最低工资政策的研究。

主要观点或文章

Working Paper No. 42: Wenkai Sun, et al: Minimum Wage Effects on Employment and Working Time of Chinese Workers

2015-11-07

This paper examines the impact of minimum wage policies on employment,income, and working time. Using data from China Health and Nutrition Survey, wefocus on identifying the shocks or minimum wage adjustments using a pre-specifiedmodel. We control for lagged minimum wage standard, individual characteristics,provincial economic and population variables, and provincial and time fixed effects.We find that, relative to average wage level, minimum wage level has been lower overthe years. Minimum wage has barely noticeable effect on employment, some positiveeffect on raising wages, and shortened the working hours for low-income workers. Insummary, we find some beneficial effects of the minimum wage policies.

Working Paper No. 41: Shi Li, Haiyuan Wan: The Effect of Minimum Wage Regulation on Wage Growth and Its Distribution in China

2015-11-07

Using the China Household Income Project survey data, this paper examines the effect of minimum wage regulation on wage growth and wage distribution in China. Moreover, minimum wage's heterogeneous effects on different population groups are also investigated across different industries and ownerships. In general, our evidence empirically supports the view that the minimum wage creates a substitute effect for the low-paid workers, as they experience a small wage growth under the cost of more unemployment. Meanwhile, the wages of workers that slightly higher than the minimum pay before are pushed up by the increase in demand because of the ripple effect, so the wage level for the slightly high-paid workers before grows more than the low-paid groups.

Working Paper No. 40: Quheng Deng: Estimating the Effect of Minimum Wage on Firm Profitability in China

2015-11-07

Utilizing the firm-level panel datasets and hand-collected data on county level minimum wage, this paper estimates the effect of minimum wage on firm profitability. As firms may take time to adjust in response to changes in minimum wage, this paper estimates a dynamic panel model with lagged minimum wage. To capture the heterogeneous effect of minimum wage on profitability, this paper further estimates a quantile regression dynamic panel model. Estimation results suggest that the effect of minimum wage in the current year is negative across the whole conditional distribution of profitability and it exhibits an inverted-U shape across conditional quantiles. Instead, the effect of lagged minimum wage is positive at the 5th, 10th, 15th quantiles, negative at the 90th and 95th quantiles, and not significant at other quantiles. Turning to the overall effect of minimum wage, we can find that minimum wage exerts significantly negative effect on profitability at the 5th quantile and quantiles

Working Paper No. 39: Carl Lin, Myeong-Su Yun: The Effects of the Minimum Wage on Earnings Inequality: Evidence from China

2015-11-07

The minimum wage has been regarded as an important element of public policy for reducing poverty and inequality. Increasing the minimum wage is supposed to raise earnings for millions of low-wage workers and therefore lower earnings inequality. However, there is no consensus in the existing literature from industrialized countries regarding whether increasing the minimum wage has helped lower earnings inequality. Studying the effect of the minimum wage on the earnings distribution is more complicated in developing countries such as China than in industrialized countries owing to the presence of large informal sectors in urban areas, large pools of surplus labor in rural areas, and difficulties in ensuring compliance with minimum wage legislation. China has recently exhibited rapid economic growth and widening earnings inequality. Since China promulgated new minimum wage regulations in 2004, the magnitude and frequency of changes in the minimum wage have been substantial, both over time

Working Paper No. 38: Yang Du; Peng Jia: Minimum Wages in China: Standard and Implementation

2015-11-07

Utilizing various sources of data, this paper describes the evolution of minimum wage system in China and analyzes its enforcement. In 2010, 13% of workers in our sample earn wages below local minimum wages. This result is worse than most of developed countries but better than countries with about the same level of economic development as China. Both descriptive statistics and regression analysis indicate that some focused groups of workers ought to be targeted when implementing the minimum wages, including female and less educated workers. Our analysis further indicates that the effect of compliance in minimum wages is not only determined by the effort to enforcement, but also correlated with the level of minimum wage, economic structure, ownership type, and labor market conditions, etc. Our study also implies that the current minimum wage level in China is in accordance with China’s current stage of economic development, and frequent and large increase of minimum wage should be restr

Working Paper No. 37, Shi Li, XinXin Ma: Impact of Minimum Wage on Gender Wage Gaps in Urban China

2015-11-07

This paper provides evidence on whether the minimum wage (MW) has affected gender wage gaps in urban China. Several major conclusions emerge. First, from 1995 to 2007, the proportion of workers whose wages were below the regional MW level was greater for female workers than for male workers. Second, the results obtained by using the difference-in-differences estimation method show that from a long-term perspective, the MW will help to reduce gender wage differentials and that the effect is more obvious for the low-wage group. However, in the short term, the amelioration effect is not obvious.

Working Paper No. 36: Hainan Su; Xia Wang; Evolution and Effects Assessment of China’s Minimum Wage Policy

2015-11-07

China has formulated and implemented the minimum wage policy for over two decades so far, and it is of great practical significance to look back on the formulation and evolution of the policy and assess the implementation effects to further improve the minimum wage policy and makes it fully play its role.

Working Paper No. 35, Shi Li, Carl Lin: The Impacts of the Minimum Wage Policy in China

2015-11-07

This chapter summarizes the impacts of the minimum wage policy in China on various aspects of the labor market: wages, employment, gender and income inequalities, and regional disparities. In particular, we pay special attention to the 168 million rural-urban migrant workers in China, focusing on the wage and employment impacts they experience as a result of minimum wage policies. Our findings show that since 2004, minimum wages (nominal) in China have substantially increased, with an average of 11 percent per year, leading to positive effects on wages and decreases in gender wage differentials and income inequality. On the other hand, the rising minimum wage has resulted in job losses for young adults, women, and low-skilled workers. For migrant workers, the minimum wage has only small negative impacts on migrants’ employment in the East and Central regions and no effect in the West. In addition, our project finds that employers increase the monthly working hours of migrant workers.

Working Paper No. 34: Lin, Carl: A Literature Review of Minimum Wages

2015-11-07

This document summarizes the findings of minimum wages from many aspects in theeconomics literature and we hope it can provide a good starting point for researchers who areinterested in the minimum wage study in China.

Working Paper No. 33, Tobias Haepp, Carl Lin, How Does the Minimum Wage Affect Firm Investments in Fixed and Human Capital? Evidence from China

2015-08-07

This paper empirically analyzes the impact of the Chinese minimum wage regulations on the firm decision to invest in physical and human capital. We exploit the geographical and inter-temporal variation of county-level minimum wages in a large panel data set of Chinese firms covering the introduction of the new Chinese minimum wage regulations in 2004. In our basic regressions including all Chinese firms, we find significant negative effects of the minimum wage on human capital investment rates and significant positive effects on fixed capital investment rates. When grouping firms by their ownership structure, we find that all company groups - including state-owned and foreign-owned companies - have reduced their human capital investments, while only Chinese privately owned companies have increased their fixed capital investment rates.